Numer tematyczny 4/2014 ENG
SOCIAL CALCULATOR – A TOOL OF THE PROJECT „CALCULATOR OF COSTS OF INACTION”
This publication has been prepared within the project PO KL.07.0300–14-340 PO / 11–00
“Calculator of Costs of Inaction – Implementation of Innovative Solutions in the Area of Cost Analysis of Foregone Supportive and Motivating Measures of Social Policy in the Masovian voivodeship”.
The innovative project is co-financed by the European Union through the European Social Fund.
EDITOR: Piotr Błędowski Ph.D., professor of Warsaw School of Economics and Institute of Labour and Social Studies
REVIEWERS: prof. Bożena Balcerzak-Paradowska Ph.D. (Institute of Labour and Social Studies), prof. Marek Bednarski Ph.D. (Institute of Labour and Social Studies, University of Warsaw), prof. Kazimierz W. Frieske Ph.D. (Institute of Labour and Social Studies), prof. Bożena Kołaczek PH.D. (Institute of Labour and Social Studies), Paweł Poławski Ph.D. (Institute of Labour and Social Studies; University of Warsaw), Agnieszka Sowa Ph.D. (Institute of Labour and Social Studies), Zofia Szweda-Lewandowska Ph.D. (University of Lodz), Dariusz Zalewski Ph.D. (Institute of Labour and Social Studies; University of Warsaw)
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION – Barbara Kucharska
SOCIAL CALCULATOR AS AN ELEMENT OF THE PROJECT ”CALCULATOR OF COSTS OF INACTION” IN LOCAL SOCIAL POLICY – Piotr Błędowski, Paweł Kubicki
CHARACTERISTIC OF SOCIAL CALCULATOR – Marta Styrc, Karolina Majdzińska, Magdalena Maciejasz, Justyna Gać
SELECTED ASPECTS OF COSTS OF INACTION IN CASE OF UNEMPLOYMENT, POVERTY AND HOMELESSNESS – THE SOCIAL CALCULATORS POINT OF VIEW – Anna Ruzik-Sierdzińska, Piotr Błędowski, Ewa Gałecka-Burdziak
DISABILITY AND LONG-TERM ILLNESS – DEFINING, COSTS AND TASKS FOR LOCAL SOCIAL POLICY – Magdalena Maciejasz, Paweł Kubicki
HELPLESSNESS IN EDUCATION AND GUARDIANSHIP AND ORPHANHOOD – Anita Abramowska-Kmon, Sylwia Timoszuk
INTEGRATION OF REFUGEES, PRISONERS AND ADDICTS – Joanna Felczak, Karolina Majdzińska, Jacek Szczepkowski
LOCAL SOCIAL POLICY TOWARDS NEW CHALLENGES. FROM INTERVENTION TO ACTIVATION – Piotr Błędowski, Paweł Kubicki
FINANCING SOCIAL ASSISTANCE TASKS UNDER SITUATION OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT BUDGETS IN POLAND – Benedykt Opałka
SOCIAL INNOVATION AS AN INSTRUMENT OF ADAPTATION OF SOCIAL POLICY TO NEW CHALLENGES – Piotr Błędowski, Gabriela Sempruch
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
The crisis of public finances, demographic changes and the need to abandon an interventionist model of social policy in favor of efforts to motivate individuals and communities whenever possible, have magnified the interest of politicians involved in social policy to rationalize social spending.
However, rationalization cannot be undergone merely by using efficiency as the most important criteria in the decision making process, but rather must include the ability to recognize the consequences of failing to take appropriate action and therefore either neglecting, or failing to act in a consistent manner over a longer period of time. Social policy, both on the domestic and local levels, requires stability and the execution of strategies developed on the basis of in-depth social diagnosis, one that recognizes the need to abandon ad hoc efforts at the expense of implementing a specific model. That model should incorporate not merely solutions to the existing, recurring problems but also prevent the appearance of new ones. These anticipatory efforts, a motivating and at the same time interactive approach, can play an important role, particularly in local governments.
The project entitled Calculator of the Costs of Inaction – implementation of Innovative Solutions in the Area of Cost Analysis of Foregone Supportive and Motivating Measures of Social Policy in the Masovian voivodeship was undertaken in order to develop new tools to execute precisely that concept of social policy at a local level. The goal of this project, executed as part of the Human Capital Operational Program, Priority VII – Promotion of Social Integration approved by the Ministry of Regional Development and Masovian Unit of EU Programmes Implementation, is to develop instruments which would help increase the effectiveness and cohesiveness of the local social policy in the province of Masovia. The project is implemented by the Masovian Social Policy Centre (the leader) in collaboration with the Institute of Social Economy at the Warsaw School of Economics and the “Radom Centre for Entrepreneurship” Association.
Joint collaboration between the practitioners of social policy and assistance, representatives of the academic community, non-governmental organizations and local government officials resulted in the six elements of a new model, which support the decision-making process using economic criteria, knowledge about financing that uses EU and national funding of domestic programs related to social policy and the strategy of resolving social problems. The project does not merely require cooperation with local government institutions, but also the creation of a network of community leaders who will promote new solutions and support local communities in changing the treatment of the instruments of local social policy. The whole project is complemented by the training system, a critical component for the implementation and durability of newly developed solutions. It would appear that the greatest benefit of the project, in addition to the new approach to the economic consequences of decisions made or postponed until later, is the reinforcement of the role of local residents in the decision-making process.
The articles in this publication focus primarily on methodological aspects of one of the products – the Social Calculator, but its usefulness depends, to a large extent, on the concurrent use of the remaining products by users of the model. The whole set is a truly innovative solution, one worth discussing and implementing in practice once the necessary adjustments are made.
Masovian Social Policy Centre
About the authors
Ph. D in Economics, assistant professor at the Institute of Statistics and Demography at the Warsaw School of Economics. Her academic interests include ageing process of the society and its socio-economic impact, the state of health and family situation of seniors and the life satisfaction of people aged 50 and over.
Ph. D in Economics, professor at the Warsaw School of Economics and the Institute of Labour and Social Studies, politician involved in social issues and a gerontologist, author of approximately 200 publications. Head of research and chairman of the Scientific Council of the consortium which executes the PolSenior project, main researcher at the Institute of Social Economy of the WSE in the Calculator of Costs of Inaction project.
Ph. D in Economics, academic employee at the Institute of Social Economy at the Warsaw School of Economics and the Public Policy Division at Bishop Jan Chrapek College of Business. Her main interests include probation, social policy, economization of the execution of penalties, social assistance for people released from prison.
MA in Sociology, graduate of the Institute of Applied Social Sciences at the University of Warsaw. In the course of several years of academic work, she has conducted various research and evaluation projects, including at CASE-Doradcy Sp. z o.o.. Currently works at the Warsaw School of Economics.
Ph. D in Economics., assistant professor at the Department of Economics at the Warsaw School of Economics. Involved in studies of labour economy, especially mechanisms which connect people who seek employment and the available jobs and the determining factors which discourage people from seeking employment. Author of approximately 20 publications in Polish and in English.
Ph. D in Economics, assistant professor at the Institute of Social Economy at the Warsaw School of Economics and a research specialist at the Institute of Educational Research; qualitative and quantitative researcher specializing in the analysis of public policy, coordinator of the Calculator of Costs of Inaction project.
M. Sc. in Management, Ph. D student at the Institute of Social Economy at the Warsaw School of Economics. She is currently working on a doctoral thesis about the scope of long-term care of elderly and services supporting informal caregivers.
Graduate of law (Jagiellonian University), administration (Warsaw University of Technology) and the School of German Law of the JU and the Universities of Heidelberg and Mainz, Ph. D student at the Institute of Social Economy at the Warsaw School of Economics. Her main areas of interest include the issue of refugees and social assistance available to refugees; social economy and entrepreneurship, especially the activities of social cooperatives.
Ph. D in Economics, assistant professor at the Department of Regional and Spatial Development at the Warsaw School of Economics. He is involved in issues of strategic planning of local development, management of finances of the local government and investment projects in the public sector. Author of over 30 publications about local government finances and regional and local development.
Ph. D in Economics, assistant professor at the Department of Economics at the Warsaw School of Economics. Her main academic interests include economy of the labour market and social security systems.
M. Sc. in Economics, expert for coordination of substantive issues relating to the Calculator of Costs of Inaction project at the Masovian Centre for Social Policy; member of the Working Group for Social Innovation at the Ministry of Development and Infrastructure; Ph. D student at the Institute of Social Policy of the University of Warsaw. Her academic interests include innovation and social investments, social assistance, social planning.
M. Sc. in Economics, researcher at the Centre for Population Change at the University of Southampton, previously at the Institute of Statistics and Demographics at the Warsaw School of Economics. Interested in the processes of formation and disintegration of personal relationships, their correlation with fertility and the consequences for individual well-being.
M. Sc. in Economics, graduate of the Warsaw School of Economics, Ph. D student at the Institute of Social Economy at the Warsaw School of Economics. Interested in demographic aging and gerontology in relation to local social policy. Her research extends to forms of accommodation of seniors, their support needs and the quality of life.